This year, spring field works of Ukraine’s farmers has to be carried out in particularly difficult conditions. Due to excessive rainfall, the soil is saturated with moisture, the sowing campaign is delayed.
Crops are now in highly moist soil. Because of heavy rains there was a partial leaching of some crops. Also, due to the large amount of precipitation, plants are partially affected by diseases that affect their growth and development. During increased moisture it is impossible to carry out agrochemical works, because the means of protection will not have time to show their effect on pests/weeds.
"Under conditions of excessive soil moisture, the agricultural machinery could not get out into the field. 35% of the planned sowings remained uncultivated. We need to sow soybeans and corn. Loss of crops, untimely processing of crops and application of fertilizers to early grains/leguminous crops, which already gone, - all these factors have a huge impact on productivity (accordingly, quantitative and qualitative indicators may decrease)", - says Serhii Filiuk commented, member of the Board of Directors, CEO of the “Crop Production” Project.
However, a large supply of moisture in the soil is not only a negative factor. This resource allows the plants to actively develop, provided that the weather improves soon.
"On the territory of the company's presence (Zhytomyr, Khmelnytskyi, Chernivtsi regions) heavy rains with thunderstorms and sometimes hail occurred. The amount of precipitation that fell in April-May reached and exceeded the climatic norm. According to weather stations, Chernivtsi region suffered the most. For example, in Dnistrivka village (Kelmenetskyi district, Chernivtsi region) in April-May (II decade) 2019 283.6 mm of precipitation fell, which is almost four times more than last year (80.2 mm)", - Volodymyr Bortnyak said, Deputy Head of the Precision Agriculture Center .
"After the hail, which passed on May 17, more than 300 hectares of winter rape crops in Kucha village (Nova Ushytsia district, Khmelnytskyi region) and 250-260 hectares of wheat in Slobidka village (Kelmenetskyi district, Chernivtsi region) were damaged", - Volodymyr Tanasiychuk said, Chief Agronomist (Nova Ushytsia massif).