Finding out areas with different supply of macro and micro elements within one field is the base of precision farming. To detect such areas, Svarog West Group uses Global Positioning Systems (GPS, GLONASS), lab analysis of soil samples, as well as special programs for agro management based on geoinformation systems.
The collected data is used for a more accurate assessment of optimum sowing density, calculation of fertilizer and plant protection products (PPP) application rate, accurate yields prediction and financial planning. This concept as well requires taking into account local characteristics of soil and climatic environment.
The main objectives for the use of precision agriculture in Svarog West Group are:
- maximizing profits by using specific amount of fertilizers for each individual area of the field. For this purpose, the variable-rate or differential fertilizer technology is used;
- improving productivity of the "problematic" areas by adding essential nutrients;
- minimizing fertilizer and fuel consumption by avoiding unnecessary runs of machines on the field during tillage and also reducing overlapping areas during fertilizers application.
The process of differential application of fertilizer consists of several stages:
- first, ATVs equipped with GPS-receivers of high precision are used for creating electronic field maps;
- measured field is divided into areas of 5 hectares, and then a plan for sampling soil is created;
- soil samples are taken at the rate of 15-20 shots per square of 5 hectares;
- soil samples analysis results are plotted on the maps of fields, and in such a way the map of fields’ nutrients is set up. These maps are used to create a "prescription maps" for differential application of fertilizers, which are then downloaded to the onboard computers installed on spreaders and sprayers;
- application of the fertilizers is adjusted to the downloaded data for each area of the field in real time.
Comparative analysis of yield maps, maps of nutrient sufficiency and fertilizer maps allows defining problem areas of the field for further analysis.
In 2015, Svarog West Group Corporation presented technological innovations in agricultural holding management online. The innovations are developed within the full-scale program "Precision Agriculture Technology." The main objective of the innovations is to maximize profits by controlling production processes, recording resources and final product online. This objective may be achieved after the agricultural holding system is developed and implemented, and as the result, it would be possible to keep track of all business processes and make immediate decisions online.
Svarog West Group Corporation is the youngest and the most dynamically developing agrarian company in Khmelnytskyi region. At present the corporation consolidates companies, which operate in all spheres of agriculture (crops, livestock and horticulture) in Khmelnytskyi and Chernivtsi regions. Each year Svarog West Group expands its production capacities, while caring about products quality.
New fruit storages (9 800 tons) with CA allow storing fruits to a mid-season period, with minimal product losses at the level of 3%.
The latest European optical sorting line Perfect with capacity 4 t per hour is another innovation of Svarog West Group in the field of horticulture. It allows with high precision to sort apples/pears according to set parameters (size and colour of fruits).
The line consists of five sections (water discharge, cleaning and drying, optical camera, side tables, and four lines-cups) and allows with minimal harm to collect products from containers storing apples/pears in storages. Special paw carefully dips container with fruits in a tank of water. Later apples are floating on hydro channel, then are drying and moving into the optical camera.
Here, each fruit is photographed, following which its diameter and degree of coloration are determined. Based on the sorting parameters set by operators, apples and pears will be placed on the set side tables. Thus, by sorting fruits according to marginal calibres, it is possible to achieve homogeneous product on the outcome. The above described mechanism would be impossible to have with manual operation.
Another innovation of the corporation in the field of horticulture is a meteorological station in the village Serbychany (Sokyryany district, Chernivtsi region).
This independent unit is used to collect a list of climatic data that are sent to a special Internet portal. The station allows planning and managing agronomic actions, and helps to achieve permanent control. This technology gives a detailed analysis of climate situation on the fruit farm, weather forecast, humidity control of leaves, and calculation of water balance. It sends freezing warning via SMS, as well as warnings on maximum or minimum critical indices, such as of the dew point meter, calculation of coefficients of evaporation and transpiration, calculation of accumulating temperatures and ability to predict the risk of infectious diseases.
The best milking and cattle fattening operations are implemented by Svarog West Group in two modern dairy complexes, which are located in the villages of Velyka Medvedivka and Lotivka in Shepetivka district (Khmelnytskyi region).
The complex in Velyka Medvedivka is designed for 1 000 heads of dairy cattle, each day producing over 18 tonnes of high-quality milk. The complex is equipped with four dairy barns, milking room, housing for calves and maternity barn. All production processes are automated and equipped with high quality Italian equipment, which significantly speeds up and simplifies the process of milking, contributing to improvement of animal health and providing milk production with "extra" grade.
One of the advantages of the new diary complex is ability to conduct regular monitoring of herd of cattle and detect the slightest deviation in their health. Each cow wears a neckstrap with personal electronic transmitter, which sends information about animal (physiological parameters, feeding quality, and cattle activity) to a central computer.
Another dairy complex in the village Lotivka was designed for 1 200 heads of dairy cattle, which produces each day over 18 tonnes of high-quality milk. Site area of 11 hectares has five dairy barns, milking room, maternity barn and housing for calves. There are also stove and concentrated feed warehouses, waste management system and warehouse for machinery.
The complex is equipped with the best equipment from the world's leading manufacturers. It allows obtaining high-quality milk, as all production processes are automated. During the process of milking, milk does not get in contact with air and is cooling rapidly, which prevents the development of harmful microorganisms. In addition, educational and production centre for training in dairy cattle management will operate on the complex premises.